Kidney Stones

Image result for Kidney stonesDifferent individuals at peculiar stages in life experience kidney stones and face the cumbersome challenge of how to manage and treat the disease. I’ll share insights on the causes, and the effective treatment options. You’ll also get more info on how you can prevent the incidence of the disease and take the right precautions.

Before we go further it is necessary to clarify the term”Kidney Stone.”

Kidney stones are small and hard mineral compounds which are formed inside the kidney.

They are formed from materials that contain crystals like calcium and uric acid which could not be diluted by the fluid in your urine and this often happens when your urine does not include substances that prevent crystals from being stuck together. This contributes to formation of kidney stones in the body.

Symptoms

Kidney stones aren’t asymptomatic until they get in the ureter.

Vomiting and nausea

Reduced amount of urine excretion

Burning sensation while urinating

Precautions

There are some precautions that must be maintained and these include the following:

Drink a lot of water: Medical practitioners advise you should drink a great deal of water, roughly 12 glasses or approximately 3 quarts of water a day, especially when you have a history of kidney stones. This helps to flush toxins out your urinary system. The odds of being dehydrated is higher if you reside in a warm and humid climate, so you may need to increase the number of water that you consume. If your urine is clear and light, it is a signal that you take enough water, but when it is dark and concentrated, then it is time to make the necessary adjustments.

Reduce the salt intake and animal protein: You need to minimize the number of salt you eat; include little amount while eating or cooking and go for non-animal protein like legumes.

Ask your Doctor: If you have kidney stones, you want to consult your physician regularly. Also find recommendation of a good dietitian that might help you organize your diets.

Treatments options

Medical therapy: Your physician could give you some medication called alpha blocker, and this will allow you pass out the stones out of your body. It calms the muscles on your ureter and makes you pass the stone more easily.

Sound waves: Your physician may opt for a different treatment if the stones are too large by using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). It uses sound waves with powerful vibrations to dissolve the stones into little pieces.

Surgery: you might have to undergo a surgical operation if the kidney stones are big and the ESWL procedure wasn’t profitable.

Prevention measures

The best preventive measure is by ensuring you eat right, reduce the intake of salt, and increase the quantity of water you consume on a daily basis.

It goes without saying that there are small ways you can prevent this disease. Always make certain you drink sufficient water, stay hydrated, avoid much salt intake, and seek medical help where necessary.

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