This is a lifesaving machine called an automatic external defibrillator. It’s used to check on your heart rhythm and allow the individual operating the machine understand whether your heart requires a jolt to reestablish your regular heart rhythm. The reason that you may require a jolt to your heart is due to a cardiac emergency such as cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is when your heart stops pumping blood causing it to not circulate throughout your body. If you do not have immediate treatment within four to six minutes, then you can suffer brain death. This system will help to try and prevent this from happening. During a cardiac emergency, the machine will verbally let the operator know you need a jolt. The shock, or jolt, that’s administered is called defibrillation.
These four measures include:
• Step 1–providing quick access to medical care that involves calling 911 to have an ambulance sent
• Step 2-doing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, which is CPR
• Step 3-using the AED for early defibrillation to get your heart rhythm back to a normal pattern if possible and is the most important step
• Step 4-giving advanced cardiac support when it becomes necessary
Before using the AED, you must be trained in how to use it so it is done correctly. During the training, you’ll be given a great understanding of how defibrillation works as part of rescue and stabilization if there’s a cardiac emergency. In some instances, other trained people might be asked to use them.
After turning the machine on it is going to tell the one who is operating it to put two electrodes on the individual’s chest, which are provided with the AED. This machine will monitor their heart rhythm through these electrodes. If the heart does require a shock, or jolt, the machine will let the operator know along with telling them to press the shock button and reminds them to step away from the person while the jolt is given. Even though it is an extremely sophisticated machine, an AED is designed so that it is simple to use. It’s about the size of a normal laptop.
In each nation, there are laws that protect the general population who use the AED in an effort to save a person who’s suffering from a cardiac emergency.